Rhodiola is a small perennial plant that grows to about three feet tall. It has unbranched stems surrounded by fleshy, alternate leaves and at the end of the stems, small flowers that are usually red, pink, yellowish, or pale-green in color. The flowers appear from spring through summer and small, deep brown fruit that contain seeds are produced. Rhodiola rosea is native to the Himalaya and grows in the coldest regions of the world. It grows in the Northern Hemisphere at high elevations in the mountains of Central Asia, the mountainous parts of Europe, the Rocky Mountains in North America, Iceland, Great Britain, and Ireland.