A favorite native American tree, the handsome black cherry has a straight trunk and an oblong crown, and usually gets 40-60 ft (12.2-18.3 m) high, but can sometimes get as much as 100 ft (30.5 m) tall. The bark is light to dark gray, developing squarish scaly fissures with age. The oval to lance shaped shiny dark green leaves are 2-6 in (5.1-15.2 cm) long and arranged alternately. They end in a sharp point and have fine teeth along the margins. When crushed, the leaves smell like black cherry soda pop. Before dropping in autumn, they usually turn yellow or red. The fragrant tiny white flowers are borne abundantly in elongated drooping clusters 4-6 in (10.2-15.2 cm) long. They appear in early spring as the leaves are unfolding. In flower, the black cherry is very showy, and always abuzz with delighted insects. The cherries are dark red, almost black, about 0.33 in (0.8 cm) in diameter and ripen in early summer. They are thin skinned and juicy, but usually somewhat bitter tasting and each contains a single stone. Several botanical varieties have been named and the horticulturists have named a handful of selections. Prunus serotina, the black cherry, is common throughout eastern North America, from southern Canada to central Florida, and west to Minnesota and eastern Texas.
Prunus serotina Plant Profile - Floridata Home, http://www.floridata.com/Plants/Rosaceae/Prunus%20serotina/989 (accessed January 19, 2017).