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Salvia officinalis,Garden sage, originates from the Mediterranean region of north Africa, Spain and the Balkans. The name Salvia derives from the Latin 'salveo', which means to heal. Indeed this herb is highly regarded for its healing qualities. An ancient proverb states, 'Why should a man die who has sage in his garden?' It has been grown as a medicinal and culinary herb for thousands of years, and can now be found in gardens everywhere. Garden sage, is a short-lived semi-woody shrub that gets up to 2 ft (0.6 m) tall with a similar spread. It has intensely aromatic, thick, wooly, gray-green or multi-colored oval leaves that grow to 3 in (7.6 cm) long. They are 'pebbly', like seersucker, with conspicuous veins on the underside and arranged in opposing pairs on the square stem. The leaves have a lemony, slightly bitter fragrance, reminiscent of rosemary. The stem is green at first, then becomes woody in its second year. Flowers are blue, lilac or white, with two lips, and borne in erect axillary racemes. Sage grows well in almost all types of garden soil. It thrives in partial shade and warm, dryer soil. Though sage is a perennial, it usually needs to be replanted every few years due to the thinning of the plant.
Sources: Salvia officinalis - Floridata, http://floridata.com/Plants/Lamiaceae/Salvia%20officinalis/609 (accessed January 23, 2017).
Sage - Hamilton College, http://academics.hamilton.edu/foodforthought/Our_Research_files/sage.pdf (accessed January 23, 2017).